Interweaving Cultures: Islam in Southeast Asia, the full name of this project, has been a truly collaborative project, involving the knowledge, experience, creative work and time of many individuals and institutions.

Project Directors:
Elizabeth A. Cole (January 2007-October 2007)
Marleen Kassel (Septem ber 2004-December 2006)

Project Editor:
Elizabeth A. Cole

Project Managers:
Elizabeth A. Cole (October 2005-December 2006)
Zainab Mahmood (January 2004-June 2005)

Project Advisors and Authors of Background Essays
Barbara Watson Andaya, University of Hawai’i at Manoa*
Rachel Cooper, Asia Society
R. Michael Feener, University of Singapore**
Michael Laffan, Princeton University, Princeton
Michael G. Peletz, Emory University
Morris Rossabi, City University of New York
Laurie J. Sears, University of Washington Seattle

* Senior Academic Advisor
** Senior Curriculum Advisor

Academic Content Advisors for Lesson Plans
Christine Drake, Old Dominion University
Kenneth M. George, University of Wisconsin
Toby Alice Volkman, Independent Scholar, New York, NY
Andrew N. Weintraub, University of Pittsburgh

Pedagogy Advisors and Unit Reviewers
Jeannette Balantic, Hofstra University School, West Hempstead, NY
Joan Barnatt, Cape Cod Lighthouse School, Orleans, MA
Florence Musiello, Iona College, New Rochelle, NY
James Wilson, Cristo Rey School, New York, NY

Curriculum Contributors
Joan Brodsky Schur, Village Community School, New York, NY
Eve Eisenstadt, Hunter College High School, New York, NY
Angela Magliano, Herbert Lehman High School, Bronx, NY
Nancy M. Maguire, Cornwall Central High School, Cornwall, NY
Diane Rigo, P753K, New York City, NY
Sharon E. Shambourger, Life Sciences High School, New York, NY
James Wilson, Cristo Rey School, New York, NY

Anandaroop Roy, New York City, NY

Independent Evaluator
Barbara Miller, Riverdale, NY

Photo Credits
Photo credits appear with each image with the exception of the homepage images, which are credited as follows:

Animation slide one: Sajarah Banten (History of Banten), illuminated manuscript, Javanese in Arabic script and Arabic. Collection of National Library of Indonesia, KBG 183 pp 72 - 74 (pegon); photo courtesy The Lontar Foundation.

Animation slide two: Jamal Mosque (Mesjid Jamal), Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; photo courtesy CSEAS Archives/Jason Jones.

Animation slide three: Al-Qu'ran I-Karim, Collection of National library of Indonesia, A 694 f 348 r-v; photo courtesy The Lontar Foundation.

Animation slide four: Wayang Kulit Shadow Puppets; photo courtesy CSEAS Archives/Florence Lamoureux.

Animation slide five: Students in Medan, Indonesia; photo courtesy Elizabeth A. Cole.

Animation slide six: Fishing Boats, Madura, Indonesia; photo courtesy of CSEAS Archives/Florence Lamoureux.

Floral design: Qu'ran, copied in Cirebon, West Java, collection of Sri Baduga State Museum of West Java, MNJB, No. 277.286; photo courtesy The Lontar Foundation.


Islam in Southeast Asia was produced by Asia Society, a leading global organization working to strengthen relationships and promote understanding among the people, leaders, and institutions of Asia and the United States. We seek to enhance dialogue, encourage creative expression, and generate new ideas across the fields of policy, business, education, arts, and culture.

Major support for the project was provided by the National Endowment for the Humanities. Asia Society has been fortunate to work with Program Officer Robert Sayers, whose advice and enthusiasm at every stage of the project are much appreciated. At Asia Society, Asia Society President Vishakha Desai supported this project from its inception. Without the steady support, practical and moral, of the Education division under the leadership of Vice President Vivien Stewart, the project could not have taken place. Michael Levine, Executive Director from 2002-2007, Jessica Kehayes and Pauline Noyes all contributed to this project in crucial ways. Marleen Kassel played an integral role, as she initially conceived and then launched the project. Special thanks are due to Asia Society’s Rachel Cooper Director, Cultural Programming and Performing Arts, who gave constant help on questions related to art and performance throughout the project; Prima and James Wilson, who went beyond the call of duty both inside Asia Society (Prima) and outside (James) with advice and suggestions that reflect their dedication to education and love for Indonesia; and Sherry Cortes, whose help in the area of permissions is especially appreciated. Grace Norman, as always, provided unflagging support and creative ideas in many areas, including print design, curriculum unit organization and pedagogy, and created the project’s beautiful web design. Education division colleagues Deborah Agrin, Alexis Menten, Heather Singmaster, Jeff Wang and Shuhan Wang offered many important reflections on education about Asia as well as encouragement and enthusiasm.

At the University of Hawai’i at Manoa, Barbara Watson Andaya, gracious and gifted scholar and educator, assisted the project in too many ways to name, and we especially appreciate her help in finding visual materials for the project, including introducing us to Sara Orel, of Truman State University, who provided many of the photographs. University of Hawai’i at Manoa’s Center for the Study of Southeast Asia (CSEAS) also provided great assistance via its extensive photo archive, a fine resource for anyone interested in learning more about Southeast Asia, and its staff kindly helped to locate photos for the project even in the midst of a mammoth web redesign. Morris and Mary Rossabi, dedicated educators in every sense of the word, offered help, advice, encouragement and hospitality along the way.

Asia Society would like to thank all authors, museums, publishers, editors, translators and photographers who gave us permission to reprint previously published materials. Every effort was made to locate the holders of copyrights for materials used in the book, to identify them in the Guide, and to request and secure their permission for the inclusion of their materials. We apologize to those few whom we could not locate.

Interweaving Cultures: Islam in Southeast Asia is offered to educators in the hope that it will awaken greater interest among Americans in a diverse and beautiful region, its landscapes, peoples, history, arts and one of its major faiths, that are still too little-known in the United States.

Elizabeth A. Cole
Project Director and Editor
Asia Society


This project would not have been possible without the vision and support of the National Endowment for the Humanities.