Permanent Revolution

Mao was convinced his new government would slip into complacency if the revolution wasn’t made “permanent.”

In his first decade in office, he enacted many reforms, including the following:

Land confiscation and reform (1950), executing million landlords.
Marriage law reform (1950), fundamentally changing the status of women.
Joining the Korean War against the United States (1950).
The “Three-Anti” and “Five-Anti” Campaigns (1951-52).
The agricultural cooperative movement (1952-1953).
The “Hundred Flowers Movement” (1956), a brief period of intellectual freedom.
The “Anti-Rightist Campaign” (1957), persecution for the same intellectuals.
And finally, “The Great Leap Forward” (1958-1961).