During the Tang dynasty (618-906 C.E.), China was powerful and prosperous. Trade was extensive and tomb sculpture reflected the influences from other regions that were pervasive during that time.
Many tomb sculptures from this period are coated with the lead glazes known as three-color (sancai). These wares were produced at a limited number of kilns, some of which are known to have produced goods for imperial use. The earliest known examples of these sancai glazed ceramics were excavated from a tomb dated to 675 C.E. After the mid 8th century production of these ceramics slowed. The majority of sancai wares were made during the late 7th and early 8th centuries.
The native Chinese horse is relatively small in stature. Chinese emissaries first came across the monumental horses bred in Ferghana in the second century B.C.E. It was under Tang rule that the horse came to symbolize power and strength in China.
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Horses were an important part of the funerary regalia of high-ranking officials and members of the imperial family. Many had saddles, bridles, and other ornaments.
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