文姬 Wenji’s Choice

Introduction
Life with the Xiongnu
Life with the Han
Modern Immigration
Assessment
Connection to PGL

Life with the Han

from Eighteen Songs of a Nomad Flute: The Story of Lady Wenji (Metropolitan Museum of Art)
(click to see large image and scroll around for details)

一。 Show the class an image depicting Wenji’s life with the Han people.

二。 Read together in class the story of Lady Wenji and the Lament of the Nomad Flute.

Introduce new vocabulary and grammar pertaining to Wenji’s life with the Han using the associated flash cards.

Vocabulary
朝代,汉人,蔡文姬,长笛,古筝,写诗,弹琴,聪明,美丽,丝绸,汉服,汉语,汉字,中国菜,骑马,马车,四合院

Grammar
…会做什么? 蔡文姬会做什么?
…会…也会… 蔡文姬会写诗也会弹琴。
不但…而且… 蔡文姬不但聪明而且美丽。

三。 Have the students work in pairs to answer the following questions using new vocabulary and grammar:

A: 蔡文姬是哪个朝代的人? B: 她是东汉人。
A: 你会写汉字吗? B: 我会写一点儿汉字。
A: 骑马难不难? B: 骑马很难。
A: 你会弹琴吗?
A: 你会写诗吗?

四。 Divide students into four groups to do research on the Internet to identify, learn about, and report on Wenji’s life with the Han people. Each group will investigate six topics from the Han dynasty: food, clothing, housing, transportation, trade, and language. They will use their findings to create a picture book with captions that describes Wenji’s life with the Han.

Reference for classroom teachers:

东汉生活
中国菜,牛,羊,马,猪,菜,陶器
汉服,丝绸,绵布
四合院,瓦屋,木柱,窗,墙
马车,马,走路
汉语,汉字
交易 丝绸,粮食,茶

四。 The 18 Laments of Cai Wenji have been set to music for many traditional instruments. Using online videos (such as the examples in the Teaching Resource below) and others found freely online, play these songs for students and guide them with the following questions:
这个音乐怎么样?
你听了开心吗? 还是有一点儿不开心?
你觉得可能是谁写的?
为什么她要写这样的音乐?