今古市场 Markets of the Past and Present

Introduction
Ancient Markets
Markets Today
Assessment
Connection to PGL

Ancient Markets

Photo Gallery: Markets in China

一。 Begin the unit with a class discussion of images that show people buying and selling in stores or markets. Gear the discussion toward questions about the markets and reasons for people to engage in trade. Here are some sample questions:
人们在什么地方买东西?
人们去市场做什么?他们为什么去市场?

These questions are intended to bring the students into the context of this unit. Therefore, the brainstorm will work at the level of the students’ prior knowledge, using only language items they have learned previously (e.g. 店,市场,超市, 买东西,好玩). The new language items will be taught as the unit unfolds.

Tell the students that in this unit you will further investigate these questions by comparing markets in ancient times with those in modern times, identifying their similarities and differences, and noting the forces that have changed some markets and left others unchanged.

我们要比一比古代的中国市场和现代的中国市场,看看有什么相同,有什么不同,说说为什么有相同,还有不同。

二。 Before class, provide the students with background on the painting “Going Upriver at Qingming Festival Time 《清明上河图》, and show the painting itself. If the students have done some background reading, use as many questions as possible to involve the students in the discussion. Introduce new words for the questions which students do not know how to answer in Chinese, using the associated flash cards.

 
Sample questions for discussion:
什么是清明? 清明在什么时候?
这张画是什么时候画的? (北宋 960–1127)
这张画画的是什么地方?(北宋的开封)
开封在什么地方?
市场上几家店?
它们是什么店?
谁会去这些店?
人们可以在市场上买到什么?
除了买东西,人们还可以在市场里做什么?

三。 A Jigsaw Activity

Step 1: Divide the students into 4 groups, and assign one of the following guiding questions to each group:
1) In what time period does 《清明上河图》 take place? What is the season of 清明? Do you know any traditions that occur during 清明?
2) What city does the 《清明上河图》 describe? Where is this city in China?
3) What kind of the shops can you find in the 《清明上河图》? How does this painting tell the history of China’s market?
4) Who are the people we can see in the 《清明上河图》? Can you identify or describe some of them?

Step 2: Repeat the numbering around the class. Students work within their expert group. They will read, understand, and discuss the questions listed above.

Step 3: Students move around the class to find their instructional group. For example, all number ones will work together as one instructional group, all number twos, and so on. Each student will share the ideas generated by the question discussed in their expert group previously.

Guide the students to further explore the painting by identifying the special features they see in it. While talking, teach the students new words related to the following aspects of it:
特别长:这张画有528 厘米长。
很热闹:这张画里有814 个人, 20辆车,60个动物,20条船。

Call the students’ attention to the different forms of markets in the painting, such as stores and stalls. Have the students identify what might be sold there. Here are some suggested questions:
桥上有什么? (货摊)
街上有什么? (店,酒店,茶馆,集市,货摊,地摊,货郎担…)
…卖什么? (各种东西,吃的东西,用的东西,布,鞋子…)

Use images of ancient markets to reinforce new words such as 集市,酒店,茶馆,货摊,地摊,货郎担.
Guide the students to discover various purposes for people to be at the market, such as shopping, socializing, and spending leisure time. Introduce new language items while talking.

画中的人在做什么?
卖东西,买东西, 做生意,赚钱,推车, 走路
和朋友说话, 和小孩子玩,看热闹, 喝茶,谈天
看看有没有要买的东西

四。 Have a class discussion to exchange ideas and finalize Worksheet 1.

Worksheet 1
(download to print)

Possible answers for Worksheet 1:
Places for Merchandise
市场,店,酒店,茶馆,货摊,货郎担,地摊,推车卖东西

Products for Trading
吃的东西,用的东西,好玩的东西,各种东西

Purposes for Going to Markets
卖东西,买东西,做生意,喝茶谈天,听说书,看热闹,和朋友说话,看看有没有喜欢的东西,看看有没有便宜的东西

Basic Human Needs
要赚钱,需要买东西,喜欢又 便宜又好的东西,需要朋友,喜欢热闹

To close this section, assign the following reading about the painting:
这是一幅中国古代名画。这幅画的名字叫《清明上河图》,是北宋一个有名的画家画的。这幅画画的是清明节的集市。画中有山、河,有各种店和货摊,还有五百五十多人, 有的在卖东西,有的在买东西,有的在说话,还有的在走路、推车,热闹极了!