their descent from Timur (Tamerlane) and the Mongol ruler
Genghis Khan, the Mughals came from a small region of Ferghana
Valley in Central Asia and invaded India in 1526. From then
until 1877, the Mughal emperors ruled much of northern India
and parts of Afghanistan and modern-day Pakistan. It was by
defeating the Mughals that the British established their rule
in India in 1877.
Although Mughals were Muslims, many of the emperors married
Hindu princesses; even the famous Mughal emperor Shah Jahan-the
builder of the Taj Mahal-was a product of such intermarriage.
Thus, the Mughal court was a fascinating combination of Persian
etiquette that the Mughals aspired to, the Central Asian conventions
that they were used to, and Hindu traditions that were brought
to the court by the new courtiers and wives.